Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

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General Anxiety Disorder

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Major Depressive

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Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Articles

  1. (NIH) Treating PTSD: A Review of Evidence-Based Psychotherapy Interventions; 2018
    In 2017, the Veterans Health Administration and Department of Defense (VA/DoD) and the American Psychological Association (APA) each published treatment guidelines for PTSD. This article briefly reviews the methodology used in each set of 2017 guidelines and then discuss the psychological treatments of PTSD for adults.
  2. (NIH) A Review of PTSD and Current Treatment Strategies; 2021
    Recent evidence (for PTSD) is compelling that its use of trauma-focused therapies such as Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT), Prolonged Exposure Therapy (PE), Eye Movement, Desensitization, and Restructuring (EMDR), and others with significant trauma focus are the current gold standard for treatment.
  3. (NIH) PTSD Treatment for Veterans: What’s Working, What’s New, and What’s Next; 2016
    More than a decade of war in the Middle East has pushed post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) to the forefront of public health concerns. The author defines the disorder and discusses risk factors, treatments, and the barriers to effective care.
  4. (NIH) The Short-Term Stress Response – Mother Nature’s Mechanism for Enhancing; 2018 Protection and Performance Under Conditions of Threat, Challenge, and Opportunity; 2018
    Our group has proposed that in contrast to chronic stress that can have harmful effects, the short-term (fight-or-flight) stress response (lasting for minutes to hours) is nature’s fundamental survival mechanism that enhances protection and performance under conditions involving threat/challenge/opportunity. Short-term stress enhances innate/primary, adaptive/secondary, vaccine-induced, and anti-tumor immune responses, and post-surgical recovery.

Psych, Therapy & Depression Articles & Tools

  1. (NIH) Patients' Health & Well-Being in Inpatient Mental Health-Care Facilities: A Systematic Review; 2021
    This review evaluates the state (in terms of extent, nature and quality) of the current empirical evidence of physical environmental on mental health, well-being, and recovery outcomes in mental healthcare inpatients by psychopathology.
  2. (PHQ-9) Depression Screening Tool: Patient Health Questionnaire-9
    The PHQ-9 is a multipurpose instrument for screening, diagnosing, monitoring and measuring the severity of depression.
  3. (PHQ-9) Validity of a Brief Depression Severity Measure; 2001
    Examines the validity of PHQ-9 screening tool for detection and assessment of depression severity.
  4. (NIH) Enhancing recovery rates: Lessons from year one of IAPT (2013)
    Mentions treatment efficacy; The English Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) initiative aims to make evidence-based psychological therapies for depression and anxiety disorder more widely available in the National Health Service (NHS)

Bipolar Disorder Articles

  1. (NIH) Suicide attempts in bipolar I and bipolar II disorder: a review and meta-analysis of the evidence; 2015
    The prevalence of suicide attempts (SA) in bipolar II disorder (BPII), particularly in comparison to the prevalence in bipolar I disorder (BPI)
  2. ( On madness: a personal account of rapid cycling bipolar disorder (not @Mizzstik); 2006
    Someone's personal account of bipolar type 2 rapid cycling & the logistical issues involved.
  3. (Published) Assessment of suicide attempt and death in bipolar affective disorder: a combined clinical and genetic approach; 2021
    People with bipolar disorder (BP) have high rates of suicide attempt (30–50%) and death (15–20%).. The rate of death is greater than in any disorder except schizophrenia.
  4. (Cambridge) Life expectancy and years of potential life lost in bipolar disorder: systematic review and meta-analysis; 2022
    Bipolar disorder affects more than 1% of the population... one of the main causes of disability worldwide.
  5. ( Epidemiology and risk factors for bipolar disorder; 2018
    Bipolar is a multicomponent illness involving episodes of severe mood disturbance, neuropsychological deficits, immunological and physiological changes, and disturbances in functioning.
  6. (Stanford) The Bipolar and Depression Research Program:
    A clinical research program focused on treatment of individuals with bipolar and major depressive disorders (read & participate in studies).
  7. ( Is Toxoplasmosis a Trigger of Bipolar Disorder?
    Evidence suggests a link between Toxoplasma gondii and Bipolar Disorder, focusing on the interaction between immune responses and this infectious agent in the etiopathogenesis of psychiatric symptoms.

General Anxiety Disorder (GAD) sources:

  1. (NIH) Measures of Anxiety; 2011: This review covers commonly used measures of anxiety.
  2. John Hopkins Article on General Anxiety Disorder
    A website page dedicated to explaining the fundamental concepts & resources related to General Anxiety Disorder.
  3. (NIH) Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item (GAD-7)
    The Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item (GAD-7) is an easy to perform initial screening tool for generalized anxiety disorder.
  4. (NIH) Validation and standardization of the Generalized Anxiety Disorder Screener (GAD-7) in the general population; 2008
    Investigates reliability, construct validity, and factorial validity of the GAD-7 in the general population and to generate normative data.
  5. (GAD-7) Validity and reliability of the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7; 2021 
    Evaluates the quality of GAD-7 as an assessment tool among university students of Bangladesh.